Pertussis has long been discovered, and in 1640 first reported epidemic. Pertussis disease is called by a doctor named Thomas Sydenham, which means "a severe cough". It is the hallmark of this disease is very severe cough and did not stop, and ends with the sound of "whoop" cough every time period.
Pertussis is spread through droplets released when people cough or sneeze. The disease is now so diminished since the discovery of a vaccine for Bordatella pertussis.
Symptoms of PertussisThe incubation period for pertussis is approximately 7-10 days. That means it takes about 7-10 bacteria to multiply in the body and cause symptoms. Pertussis disease course is divided into three phases.
1. Prodromal phaseIn this phase, the child usually show symptoms such as cough, runny nose, fever is not too high, snuffles and tersa body limp. This phase berlngsung about 1-3 weeks.
2. ParosismalThis phase is characterized by periods of very severe cough. Every one period cough cough continuously without a break and ended with a whoop sound as the child trying to catch her breath.
Children can cough up termuntah, vomiting and sometimes look blue (cyanosis) in his attempt to inhale. This phase lasts for 6-10 weeks.
3. Phase konvalesenThis is the healing phase, ie the period of cough becomes more frequent and finally disappear. This phase lasts about 2-3 weeks.
Complications of PertussisComplications of pertussis is especially true for very severe cough (paroxysmal phase). Complications often occur in infants younger than 6 months. Complications include the following:
- Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
- Rib fractures due to excessive coughing
- Bleeding can occur in the eye (subconjunctival) and the lining of the brain (subdural)
- Inguanalis hernia (hernia groin)
Pertussis Care for ChildrenChildren under 6 months are exposed to pertussis generally need to be hospitalized, because it is usually accompanied by difficulty eating and breathing.
In older children can still be treated at home after the doctor providing treatment. Antibiotics are the drugs of choice for pertussis. The type and dosage of antibiotics prescribed by the doctor.
Precautions PertussisIt is now available pertussis vaccine is given along with diphtheria and tetanus (DPT). The vaccine is given as much as five times that at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 18 months and 5 years.
Also needed booster at age 12-17 years to prevent pertussis in adolescence and adulthood.